7 Tips for Growing Beautiful Orchids

Learn how to cultivate orchids like a pro with these 7 tips. From choosing the right soil to watering and light, this guide will help you grow stunning orchids in no time.

Contents

Choosing the Right Orchid Species for Your Climate

Growing orchids can be a rewarding hobby, but it’s important to choose the right species for your climate. Different orchid species have varying temperature, humidity, and light requirements that must be met in order for them to thrive. Here are some tips to help you choose the right orchid species for your climate.

Temperature and Humidity Considerations

Temperature and humidity are two of the most important factors when it comes to growing orchids. Most orchids are native to tropical or subtropical climates and require warm temperatures and high humidity levels to grow successfully.

Temperature Requirements for Different Orchid Species

Different types of orchids have different temperature requirements. Some prefer cooler temperatures while others need warmer conditions. Here are some examples:

  • Cattleyas: These orchids prefer daytime temperatures between 70-85°F (21-29°C) and nighttime temperatures between 60-65°F (15-18°C).
  • Phalaenopsis: Also known as moth orchids, these flowers prefer temperatures around 70°F (21°C) during the day and around 60°F (16°C) at night.
  • Dendrobiums: These orchids like warm days with temperatures ranging from 75-85°F (24-29°C). At night, they prefer cooler temperatures ranging from 50-60°F (10-16°C).

It’s important to research the temperature requirements of specific orchid species before purchasing them. If you live in a colder climate, you may need to invest in heating systems or grow lights to ensure that your plants get enough warmth.

Humidity Requirements for Different Orchid Species

Most orchids thrive in humid environments with levels around 50% or higher. However, there are some species that tolerate lower humidity levels as well. Here are a few examples:

  • Cymbidiums: These flowers prefer humidity levels around 50-70%.
  • Oncidiums: These orchids need humidity levels around 40-60%.
  • Paphiopedilums: These orchids are more tolerant of lower humidity levels and can handle levels around 30-40%.

If you live in an area with low humidity, it may be necessary to invest in a humidifier or set up a pebble tray to increase moisture levels in your growing environment.

Light Preferences for Different Orchid Species

Light is another important factor when it comes to growing orchids. Most species require bright but indirect light, but there are some that prefer shadier environments. Here are some examples:

Low-Light Orchids
  • Paphiopedilums: These flowers tolerate lower light conditions and prefer filtered light or shade.
  • Masdevallias: This group of orchids prefers shaded areas with no direct sunlight.
  • Phragmipediums: These flowers like moderate to low light conditions and don’t do well in direct sunlight.
Medium-Light Orchids
  • Cattleyas: These plants require medium to high light conditions and can handle a few hours of direct sunlight each day.
  • Dendrobiums: Most dendrobiums prefer bright but indirect light, but there are some species that can handle more intense light as well.
  • Oncidiums: These flowers do well in areas with plenty of natural light, but they should be protected from intense midday sun.
High-Light Orchids
  • Vandas: These orchids love lots of bright, direct sunlight. They need at least 6 hours of sunshine per day to grow successfully.
  • Cymbidiums: Although they can tolerate lower light conditions, these plants will bloom better if exposed to bright, indirect light for part of the day.
  • Phalaenopsis: In nature, these flowers grow in the understory of the forest and prefer bright but indirect light.

Before you purchase any orchid species, it’s important to research their light requirements and make sure that you can provide them with the appropriate level of illumination. If you don’t have access to natural light, consider investing in grow lights to help your plants thrive.

Growing orchids can be a challenging but rewarding experience. By choosing the right species for your climate and providing them with optimal growing conditions, you can enjoy beautiful blooms for years to come.

What is Orchidaceae?

Orchidaceae is a family of flowering plants that includes one of the largest groups of terrestrial and epiphytic plant species, known as orchids. [Wikipedia]

Understanding Orchid Care Basics: Light, Water, and Soil

Orchids are one of the most beautiful flowers around the world. They come in more than 25,000 species and can be grown indoor as well as outdoor. These magnificent plants require special attention to keep them healthy and vibrant throughout their lifespan. Taking care of orchids is not as complicated as it might seem. All you need to do is gain a basic understanding of these plants’ requirements for light, water, and soil.

Light for Orchids

Light is one of the most critical factors in growing orchids. They need proper amounts of light to thrive. The large variety of orchids means that they have different needs when it comes to light requirements. Some orchids grow naturally on the floor beneath other trees while others grow way up towards canopies where the available sunlight can be quite direct.

Understanding Light Intensity and Duration for Orchids

Orchid plants prefer filtered light rather than direct sunlight as they are sensitive to high levels of heat exposure.

The recommended duration for exposure varies according to species; however, in general, six hours daily should suffice.

Low-to-medium intensity light sources like fluorescent lights or cool-white incandescent bulbs will also work wonders If natural sunlight is scarce.

Artificial Light Sources for Orchids

Artificially generated lights are increasingly being used by keen growers with great results noticed so far.

LED (light-emitting Diodes) has been seen as a preferred choice by many over traditional lighting systems due to lower running costs and its low heat radiation capacity comparatively.

Fluorescent lights remain a budget-friendly option yet equally suitable enough since its light distribution mimics natural daylight that one would expect from any artificial source of reception.

Water for Orchids

Watering orchids can be tricky because different species have different moisture preferences – some prefer early morning drizzles while others don’t. Also, too much water can cause problems like the development of fungal infections that will harm the plant.

Watering Frequency and Amounts

One rule to remember is to wait until the potting mixture has mostly, but not fully, dried out before watering your orchid plants. This helps maintain optimal moisture levels without overwatering or underwatering.

The average watering frequency should be every 10-15 days; however, the surrounding environment factors could vary including temperature. Ensure that water drips plentifully into drainage gaps once watering for best results.

Understanding Water Quality for Orchids

Orchids need clean and pure water to remain healthy as any impurities or mineral accumulations compounds can damage sensitive roots & leaves leading it down a detrimental pathway of withering growth.

Adequately filtered tap water can be used yet distilled or rainwater is seen preferable being free from chemicals such as fluoride & chlorine found in most municipal supply systems. Ensure temperatures match from sources outside the weather elements so as not to shock your orchids by providing too warm/chilled water which destroys resorption processes within processes’ respective cells.

Soil and Potting Mediums for Orchids

Keeping tabs of soil quality helps keep orchid plants going all year round by investing in appropriate re-potting methods according to its lifecycle stage while targeting desirable soil blends according to species preference.

The Importance of Choosing the Right Potting Mix for Your Orchids

Orchid lovers have identified an array of essential properties that make a perfect potting mix suitable for their grownies:

  • Good drainage and aeration ability: roots require breathing room
  • Stable pH phus maintains optimum growing conditions across one’s lifetime
  • Retentive enough capacity in retaining moisture accessibly necessary yet avoiding sogginess since this dampness increases instances where root rot infections develop

You may opt for ready-to-use bought blends instead, designed specifically towards specific orchid species, saving you time researching what best suits your unique type of flower.

Understanding the Role of Aeration and Drainage in Orchid Soil Mixes

Orchids are epiphytes which means they grow on things other than soil. That’s because a typical soil is too dense to support them.

Unlike terrestrials, orchids require more aeration, oxygen flow since roots absorb their nutrients via air rather than restrictive soils. Therefore, the importance of suitable soil blends that allow adequate air supplies cannot be overstated as proper insulation is crucial during the chillier months from temperatures between 50-90°F depending on orchid type. Even waterlogged media can suffocate plant roots decreasing mineral uptake via overcompacted soil structures or inadequate potting choices both leading to plant death.

Feeding Your Orchids: Fertilizers and Nutrient Requirements

Understanding Orchid Nutrient Requirements

Orchids are known for their beauty and elegance. However, to maintain their vitality, it is important to provide them with the necessary nutrients. Orchids require a balanced mix of macro and micro-nutrients for optimum growth.

Some of the essential macro and micro-nutrients required by orchids include:

  • Nitrogen (N)
  • Phosphorus (P)
  • Potassium (K)
  • Calcium (Ca)
  • Magnesium (Mg)
  • Iron (Fe)
  • Manganese (Mn)
  • Zinc (Zn)

In addition to these nutrients, orchids also require trace elements such as boron, copper, and molybdenum in small amounts. These nutrients can be obtained from fertilizer applications or through natural sources like rainwater.

A deficiency in any of these essential nutrients can lead to poor plant growth, reduced flower production, yellowing leaves, stunted plants, or even death.

Essential Macro and Micro Nutrients for Orchids
  1. Nitrogen

    Nitrogen is important because it forms an integral part of chlorophyll which is responsible for creating energy through photosynthesis. Deficiency symptoms include yellowing older leaves followed by general chlorosis throughout the plant.

  2. Phosphorus

    Phosphorus is needed for healthy root development and promotes flowering in orchids. A lack of phosphorus results in dull-colored foliage along with slower growth rate.

  3. Potassium

    Potassium helps with disease resistance while promoting robust stem structures within orchids as well as larger flowers that last longer before wilting.

  4. Calcium

    Calcium plays a critical role in cell formation while also reducing the chances of potential issues like blossom end rot from damaging flowers over time when they are not provided enough calcium from fertilizers or other supplements used during growing cycles which can sometimes lead to tender spots on flowers.

  5. Magnesium

    Magnesium is instrumental in chlorophyll formation and helps with hormone synthesis within plants while also improving general plant health as well as promoting vibrant coloring among all parts of the orchid’s foliage, stem, and flowers.

  6. Iron

    Iron is required for healthy photosynthesis. Deficiency results in chlorosis of young leaves paired with an oxidized zone around leaf edges.

  7. Manganese

    Manganese affects mostly the growth of roots although it also influences internal processes like respiration and photosynthesis, which are necessary for stable growth cycles in your plants. If your orchids are showing signs of stunted development or have been treated with suboptimal fertilizers, they may require additional manganese supplements to make sure their nutrient levels remain balanced at all times.

  8. Zinc

    Zinc enhances bloom quality and quantity by stimulating plant enzymes that promote flower production in orchids so that you can enjoy a healthy harvest year after year reliably.

Understanding the Role of pH in Orchid Nutrition

One crucial factor to consider when feeding your orchids is the role of pH, or acidity level, in their nutrition requirements. Most orchids prefer slightly acidic conditions ranging from 5.5-6.5 on the pH scale.

If the soil or growing medium is too alkaline (pH above 7), it can inhibit a plant’s ability to absorb essential nutrients from soil/fertilizer applications; conversely, if it’s too acidic (below 5), issues like stunted root growth may develop negatively affecting overall plant health over time when not controlled properly long-term.

Maintaining proper pH levels is key to successful orchid cultivation and can be achieved through careful selection of potting media & fertilizer mixtures that take into account this vital element for maximum yields throughout growing seasons ahead regardless of whether you’re using organic-based fertilizers or chemically derived options.

Choosing the Right Fertilizer for Your Orchids

Orchid fertilizers come in different types, including organic and inorganic, and can be slow or quick release. The choice of fertilizer will depend on the type of orchid you have, your climate, and your preferred growing method.

Organic vs. Inorganic Fertilizers

Organic fertilizers are derived from natural sources such as bone meal, blood meal, fish emulsion, manure, compost teas etc while Inorganic fertilizers incorporate chemicals like ammonium nitrate or potassium chloride instead – while some growers swear by using a hybrid approach that combines benefits from both worlds depending upon needs.

Organic fertilizers have the added benefit of supplying trace amounts of micronutrients such as calcium naturally making them more beneficial in some ways than most conventional options available commercially today if you’re looking to grow crops with a smaller carbon footprint over time- but they generally tend to work more slowly

Inorganic fertilizers provide faster results and work best when used according to manufacturer instructions since overuse can lead to plant burn due to high nitrogen contents found within them almost always which reduces plant growth downwards.

Slow-Release vs. Quick-Release Fertilizers

Slow-release fertilizers are formulated to provide nutrients gradually over time through microbial activity breaking down ingredients slowly under optimal conditions giving plants all they need without overwhelming root systems by slowly releasing part or all of nutrients while taking away much guesswork out applying synthetic fertlilzers throughout development stages too closely.

Quick-release fertilizers are designed to provide an immediate burst of nutrients right after application; in case sudden boosting is needed usually needed before spikes times such as blooming periods etcetera.

While slow-release fertilizers offer convenience when compared to more traditional methods that require frequent application (once-monthly additions help keep soil oxygenated as well), their cost is often prohibitive against greater adoption thresholds among beginners; it is because they tend to be more expensive upfront when compared to quick-release options but offer better ROI over time.

Some orchids may prefer one type of fertilizer over the other, so it is important to research which type is best for your variety.

Orchid Repotting and Potting Mixes

Orchids are some of the most beautiful and delicate flowers you can grow in your home. They do require special care, however, to keep them healthy and blooming throughout the year. One important aspect of orchid care that many people overlook is repotting. The right potting mix is also essential for your orchid’s health because it provides not only necessary nutrients but also drainage.

Orchid Repotting Basics

Before we dive into specifics, let’s go over some basic information about orchid repotting. First, it’s important to know that while orchids don’t typically require frequent repotting – in fact, too much movement could harm their root systems – they will eventually outgrow their existing pots or get too top-heavy or unevenly balanced.

Signs That Your Orchid Needs Repotting

Here are a few signs that may indicate your orchid needs repotting:

  • The plant is lifting itself out of its current pot.
  • The roots are growing through the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot.
  • The current pot is cracked or broken.
  • You notice a rapid decrease in plant growth or flowering.
Steps for Repotting Your Orchid

When it comes time to repot your orchids, here are a few steps to follow:

  1. Carefully remove the plant from its current pot by gently loosening any roots that may be sticking to the sides with a trowel or other dull object.
  2. Check for any signs of root damage (brown spots, mushiness) and trim as needed using sterilized shears.
  3. Choose a new pot just slightly larger than your old one so you don’t shock or overwhelm your plant with too much space all at once.
  4. Add just enough potting mix to the new pot so that the plant will sit at the same height it was sitting in its old pot.
  5. Gently place your orchid back into its new pot and fill up any remaining space with additional soil – making sure you don’t bury any leaves or pseudobulbs.

Choosing the Right Potting Mix for Your Orchids

One of the most important things you can do for your orchids is to choose the right type of potting mix. The ideal mix should provide good drainage, hold moisture well, offer some nutrients, and be free from pathogens or contaminants.

Understanding the Different Types of Orchid Potting Mixes

There are several different types of commercial orchid mixes on the market:

  • Bark Mix: This is probably one of the most common types of orchid potting mediums on the market, providing great airflow and drainage.
  • Sphagnum moss: It’s fantastic at holding onto water but may not be best for every application since it tends to retain too much moisture and may cause root rot over time if used excessively.
  • Pumice: Another option available is pumice which holds more water than bark but less than sphagnum moss. Plus, it’s heavier than many other options
Making Your Own Orchid Potting Mix

If you’re looking for a more economical and eco-friendly solution, you might consider making your own DIY orchid mix. Here are a few key ingredients to include:

  1. Fir bark
  2. Perlite or vermiculite
  3. Charcoal (to help absorb contaminants and control odors)
  4. Sphagnum moss (if desired)

You’ll want to customize your mixture blend based on your specific needs as mentioned earlier for commercial mixes above. Below is one of many possible recipes to use as a starting point:

  • 4 parts fine fir bark
  • 1 part perlite or coarse vermiculite
  • 1/2 part horticultural charcoal

Mix the above ingredients together in a large container with a quality ratio before planting your orchids.

With the right potting mix and proper repotting techniques, your orchids will be healthier, happier, and more beautiful than ever before. Remember that orchid repotting should only happen once every year or two depending on various environmental conditions that may expedite this process. Keep these tips in mind and you’ll have thriving orchids in no time!

Orchid Pruning and Staking: Keeping Your Plant Healthy and Balanced

Orchids are known for their exotic beauty and delicate nature. These prized plants require special care to keep them healthy and thriving. Proper pruning and staking are essential components of orchid care that can help maintain the plant’s health, balance, and beauty.

Keeping Your Orchids Healthy with Proper Pruning

Pruning is a crucial aspect of orchid care that helps to remove dead or dying growth. By removing unwanted parts, you not only keep your plant looking good but also prevent further damage or disease.

Pruning Dead or Dying Roots and Leaves

The first step in proper pruning involves removing any damaged, discolored or dead roots. This is done by inspecting the roots carefully, cutting out any that look rotten or dried up with a sterilized cutting tool. Be sure to cut back to the point where there’s healthy tissue visible, removing all unhealthy plant tissue along the way.

Similarly, yellowed leaves should be removed promptly as they can signal a nutrient deficiency or other problems with the plant. Use a clean pair of scissors to snip away at these leaves from their base without damaging any other parts of your orchid’s stem.

Removing Old or Damaged Pseudobulbs

Pseudobulbs are an essential part of an orchid’s anatomy because they store nutrients that help enable blooming. However, when they’re damaged by pests or diseases, it’s necessary to prune them out entirely lest they cause stress on your orchid’s growth cycle.

To do this correctly without harming other parts of the plant’s structure:

  1. Locate pseudobulbs that need attention.
  2. Wipe your pruners down with rubbing alcohol to disinfect them
  3. Cut off affected areas just after where green shoots emerge
  4. Twist off the “neck” area as close to the plant stem as possible
  5. Dispose of the damaged leaves in the trash and sanitize your cutting tools

Supporting Your Orchids with Proper Staking

Staking is important for maintaining balance, especially for orchids with heavier flowers or those more prone to toppling over. A well-staked orchid can help ensure quality blooms while minimizing damage to fragile roots and stems.

Types of Stakes for Orchids

When it comes to choosing the right stakes for your orchid, there are several options available:

  • Bamboo stakes: These natural stakes offer a less invasive option that can blend in well with foliage.
  • Wooden sticks: More decorative than bamboo, wooden sticks are often incorporated into fancier displays.
  • Metal stakes: Stronger and longer-lasting than other types of staking material. They’re perfect for larger plants that require extra support.
  • Wire hoops: Gentle, flexible staking solutions that you can shape according to your plant’s needs.
How to Stake Orchids for Optimal Support and Balance

To stake an orchid correctly:

  1. Choose appropriate stakes by size and weight fortitude.
  2. Positioning poles outside of flowerbed edges opposite one another & position them at an angle close enough together so they keep blooming points above pot rim but dampened vessel medium
  3. Soft-tie or lash plants onto these two supports while keeping stocks upright
  4. Use soft-ties or raffia twine; allow some slack so stems don’t snap or straps cut into plant structure
  5. To anchor larger plants, make use of tensioned wire/plastic garden tape between poles/trellis’ rather than tying up everything closely relating proportionately placed sturdily driven pegs pounded evenly down in midst base areas where substrate isn’t toward root zone where tensions might harm their delicate growth cycles.

In sum, pruning and staking are essential techniques for ensuring optimal health, beauty, and balance in your orchids. With the proper tools and care, you can keep your beloved orchids thriving for years to come!

Orchid Pest and Disease Management

Recognizing Common Orchid Pests and Diseases

Orchids are known for their vibrant colors, delicate blooms, and unique shapes. While they are a beautiful addition to any home or garden, orchid owners need to be aware of the common pests and diseases that can harm these fragile plants. Identifying these issues early is essential for effective management. Here are some of the most common orchid pests and diseases:

Common Pests and Their Symptoms
  • Mealybugs: These sap-sucking insects are small, fuzzy, oval-shaped bugs that leave behind a sticky residue on leaves and flowers. Heavy infestations can cause yellowing or distortion of foliage.
  • Spider Mites: These tiny pests create webbing around leaves and decrease plant vigor. They may also leave yellow dots or streaks along with webbing.
  • Thrips: Thrips cause discoloration, deformation, flecks scars, pinholes or silvering damage on leaves, distorted flower buds won’t bloom properly.
  • Scale Insects: They look like small bumps on your orchid’s stems or leaves. Scale secretes honeydew that attracts ants while producing sooty mold.
Common Orchid Diseases and Their Symptoms
  • Black Rot: This bacterial disease causes soft tissue at base turning watery black color then spreading quickly up the root system causing total failure in infected plants

  • Root Rot:

    the most recognizable symptom is dark mushy roots but poor growth rate even after transplanting should be taken into account as well

  • Anthracnose: water-soaked spots around the stem with black sunken center die if not treated promptly

    The overall decline characterized by dropped foliage is another sign

Preventing and Treating Orchid Pests and Diseases

Preventing pests from sharing your orchids’ space means ensuring good air circulation in your growing area and proper humidity levels. Here are some safe, effective ways to protect your orchids from common pests.

Natural and Chemical Pest and Disease Control Methods
  • Neem Oil: spraying neem oil on infected plants is effective at killing pests(only a few applications for mites), according to these guys .
  • Washing Plants Off: Wetting leaves then wiping them down with a soft cloth will remove any living thrips or spider mites.
  • Cinnamon/Natural Antifungals Cinnamon powder has popularized in recent years as an antifungal; other possibly fungicidal substances include hydrogen peroxide solutions, essential oils
  • Pesticides: use recommended insecticides/fungicides such as Ortho that will not harm your orchid (avoid using systemic chemicals 2 weeks before expected flowering)
Best Practices for Preventing Orchid Pests and Diseases

If you want to keep your orchids healthy, the best way is by watering correctly while repotting when necessary. Below are additional practices that can help prevent pest infestations and diseases in orchids:

  1. Provide proper air circulation so stagnant moisture doesn’t take hold.
  2. Too much moisture may cause root rot; make sure pot size matches the roots/stems dip if needed.
  3. Disinfect tools between uses along with using sterilized media soil mixes.
  4. Only water with distilled/rainwater; avoid fertilizing during low or high outdoor temperatures.
  5. Inspect all potential new plants carefully/scour leaves for sign of early problems, isolate them upon purchase until healthy.

With practice caring for orchids becomes second nature. Consistent checks on plant health leads to catching issues sooner preventing irreversible damage(or costly remedies). While outcomes may vary depending on growing conditions, any improvement in timing can pleasantly surprise who enjoy the stunning flowers Orchids provide when properly managed!

Taking Your Orchid Care to the Next Level: Advanced Techniques and Tools for Growing Beautiful Orchids

Orchids have a reputation for being finicky, difficult-to-grow plants, but with the right knowledge and tools, they can thrive beautifully in your care. If you’re ready to take your orchid care to the next level, here are some advanced techniques and tools to help you grow healthy, beautiful orchids.

Advanced Orchid Care Techniques

Propagation Techniques for Orchids

Propagation is the process of creating new plants from existing ones. There are several methods of propagating orchids, including:

  • Division: This method involves separating an established orchid into two or more sections, each with its own roots and leaves. Division is best done when repotting an overgrown or crowded plant.
  • Keiki propagation: Keikis are baby orchids that sprout on the stem of a mature plant. They can be gently removed once they have several roots and leaves and potted as individual plants.
  • Seed germination: Growing orchids from seed is a long and complex process that requires specialized skills and equipment. Most hobbyist growers prefer to propagate their plants through division or keiki production.
Orchid Grafting and Hybridization

Grafting is a technique used by botanists to create hybrid plants by joining two different species together. Although grafting isn’t commonly practiced by home growers, it’s a valuable tool for researchers who want to create new varieties of orchids.

Hybridization involves crossbreeding two different species of orchids to create a new variety with desirable traits such as larger blooms or brighter colors. This technique is also used by commercial growers to produce highly sought-after hybrids that may be more easily grown or propagated than their parent plants.

Tools and Equipment for Orchid Care

Essential Tools for Orchid Maintenance

Growing healthy orchids requires a few essential tools, including:

  • Pruning shears: Use sharp, clean pruning shears to trim dead or damaged leaves and flowers from your orchids.
  • Humidity trays: Humidity trays are shallow dishes filled with pebbles and water that help maintain a consistent level of humidity around your plants.
  • Fertilizer: Orchid fertilizer contains the specialized nutrients that orchids need to thrive. Look for a balanced formula with equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
  • Potting medium: Orchids require a well-draining potting medium such as bark chips or sphagnum moss to prevent root rot and allow air to circulate around the roots.
High-Tech Tools for Advanced Orchid Care

If you’re serious about growing orchids, there are several high-tech tools that can help you monitor and optimize the growing conditions for your plants:

  • Thermometer/hygrometer combo: This device measures both temperature and humidity so you can ensure your orchids are not too hot, cold, dry, or wet.
  • Grow lights: If you don’t have access to natural sunlight, grow lights can provide your orchids with the light they need to photosynthesize properly. Choose LED grow lights with customizable intensity settings for optimal results.
  • Air circulation fan: Good air circulation is important for preventing mold and other fungal diseases in your orchid collection. A small desktop fan can be all it takes to keep air moving around your plants.

In conclusion

With these techniques and tools at hand, you’re armed with everything you need to take your orchid care game up a notch. Remember that good observation skills and patience are just as important as any gadget or method when it comes to growing beautiful blooms.

Happy gardening!

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